Established by the Education Act 1993, the Special Educational Needs Tribunal had its remit extended by the Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 to allow it to consider claims of discrimination. The Tribunal is independent of influence from the government and has no connection with any local authority. It sits in private except in prescribed circumstances, to consider parents' appeals against the decision of local authorities about children's special educational needs or to hear cases presented as discriminatory. The Tribunal can order local authorities to assess a child, issue a statement of special educational needs, or make amendments to parts 2 (needs), 3 (provision), and 4 (placement) of an existing statement of special educational need. In claims of discrimination the Tribunal can order any action it thinks reasonable, although it cannot order the payment of financial compensation.