Damage to cells in the spinal cord or nerve tracts that relay signals up and down the spinal cord. Such injuries include bruising, compression, lacerations, and severance of the spinal cord. Sport situations in which there is a high risk of spinal cord injury include a rugby scrum, particularly when the scrum collapses. Anyone suspected of a spinal cord injury should not be moved unless it is absolutely essential to keep the airway open so the person can breathe, or to maintain circulation.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.