spinal curvature

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The normal S-shaped curvature in the vertebral column that increases its strength, resilience, and flexibility. Viewed from the side, there are three principal curvatures that give the back its normal S-shape. The cervical and lumbar curvatures are concave posteriorly; the thoracic curvature and the sacrum are convex posteriorly. See also kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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