Abp. of St Andrews and historian. Originally a strict Presbyterian, he became an adherent of the royal policy and the chief agent of James V in suppressing the political influence of the Kirk. He was consecrated Abp. of Glasgow in 1610; in 1615 he was translated to St Andrews. At the General Assembly of the Kirk in 1618 he made himself Moderator without election and imposed the Articles of Perth. In 1635 Charles V made him Chancellor; as such he gave reluctant support to the introduction of the BCP in Scotland. When the National Covenant was signed in 1638 he fled to Newcastle. His History of the Church of Scotland [to 1625] (1655) is well documented; it reflects the author's position.