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1 Short horizontal timber, one end fixed to a cruck blade about a third of the height of the blade, and the other fixed to a cruck-stud, to carry the wall-plate.

2 Short diagonal strut.

3 Strengthening pier or sloping buttress.

4 Ornamental timber bracket by the sides of doors to support a projecting upper floor (e.g. C14 examples in York).

5 Salient outwork of a fortress.

6 Prowshaped bridge-pier, or cut-water.

7 Carved claw, leaf, or griffe on the corners of a square plinth under a medieval pier.

8 Spere.

Subjects: Architecture.

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