The ballet company of Moscow's second opera house which evolved from the Arts Ballet, founded by V. Krieger in 1929, and which was inspired by Stanislavsky's principles of theatrical realism. Under Krieger and Bourmeister (respectively director and chief choreographer, 1930–71), the company performed ballets which made a feature of dramatic realism and emotional truth. Its first production was The Rivals (a version of La Fille mal gardée, chor. N. Kholfin and P. Markov, 1933) and other ballets included Lola (chor. Bourmeister, mus. Vasilenko, 1943), Coast of Happiness (chor. Bourmeister, mus. A. Spadavecchia, 1948), Swan Lake (chor. Bourmeister, 1953), Pictures from an Exhibition (chor. Lopukhov, mus. Mussorgsky, 1963), Dmitri Briantzev's new version of Le Corsaire (mus. Adam, 1989), and Vasiliev's Romeo and Juliet (mus. Prokofiev, 1991). Its first appearance in the West was in Paris, 1956, and it gave its New York debut in 1998. Dmitri Briantzev was appointed director in 1985.