staphylococcal toxins

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'staphylococcal toxins' can also refer to...

staphylococcal toxins

Mechanisms of Blister Formation by Staphylococcal Toxins

Staphylococcal Purpura Fulminans: A Toxin-Mediated Disease?

Toxin Involvement in Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

Staphylococcal α-toxin synergistically enhances inflammation caused by bacterial components

Comprehensive analysis of classical and newly described staphylococcal superantigenic toxin genes in Staphylococcus aureus isolates

Molecular modelling of Staphylococcal δ-toxin ion channels by restrained molecular dynamics

Enterotoxin B Is the Predominant Toxin Involved in Staphylococcal Scarlet Fever in Taiwan

Detection of specific antibodies in cord blood, infant and maternal saliva and breast milk to staphylococcal toxins implicated in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

The effect of Staphylococcus aureus carriage in late pregnancy on antibody levels to staphylococcal toxins in cord blood and breast milk

The effect of prone posture on nasal temperature in children in relation to induction of staphylococcal toxins implicated in sudden infant death syndrome

Inhibition of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin A–Induced Superantigenic and Lethal Activities by a Monoclonal Antibody to Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1

Human Peripheral γδ T Cells Potentiate the Early Proinflammatory Cytokine Response to Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1

Staphylococcal toxic-shock-syndrome-toxin-1 as a risk factor for disease relapse in Wegener's granulomatosis

Rim domain loops of staphylococcal β-pore forming bi-component toxin S-components recognize target human erythrocytes in a coordinated manner

Effects of Linezolid on Suppressing In Vivo Production of Staphylococcal Toxins and Improving Survival Outcomes in a Rabbit Model of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Necrotizing Pneumonia

Temporal Sequence and Functional Implications of Vβ-Specific T Cell Receptor Down-regulation and Costimulatory Molecule Expression following In Vitro Stimulation with the Staphylococcal Superantigen Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1

Successful Treatment of Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome with Linezolid: A Case Report and In Vitro Evaluation of the Production of Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin Type 1 in the Presence of Antibiotics


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Staphylococcus aureus produces five membranolytic toxins, four haemolysins (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta) and leucocidin. Alpha-toxin (293 aa) is a pore-forming toxin that preferentially attacks platelets and cultured monocytes. Beta-toxin is a Mg2+magnesium-dependent sphingomyelinase C. The gamma-toxin locus expresses three proteins, two class S components (HlgA and HlgC) and one class F component (HlgB) which form S/F heterodimers, have potent proinflammatory effects, and may be important in pathogenesis of toxic shock syndrome. Delta-toxin is a small peptide (26 aa) that is very amphipathic and surface active and has properties similar to melittin.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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