Negotiations to succeed the SALT process, initiated by President Reagan in 1981. The talks made no progress in the atmosphere of the New Cold War, were abandoned in 1983 and resumed in 1985 as President Reagan and General Secretary Mihkail Gorbachev re‐established better relations.
The first START treaty concluded in July 1991 between Presidents Bush and Gorbachev reduced each state's long‐range launchers to 1,600 and warheads to 6,000, including further important limitations, especially on land‐based missiles. In December 1992 Bush and President Yeltsin of Russia signed a second START treaty to reduce each side to about 3,500 warheads, including only 500 land‐based missiles each restricted to only one warhead.
START 2 marked the end of the nuclear arms race between the superpowers. Belarus and Kazakhstan had agreed by that time to hand over their former Soviet weapons to Russia, and by 1994 Ukraine had promised to trade its ex‐Soviet weapons for Western assistance.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.