state of emergency

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Under the UK's Emergency Powers Act the government has the right to declare a state of emergency in the event of severe disruption of the economy by industrial action. States of emergency were declared on nine occasions between 1945 and 2000 in response to strikes by power workers, dockers, seafarers, miners, and public-service workers. The Act empowers the government to involve the military in industrial disputes, generally to carry out tasks normally undertaken by striking workers.

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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