(suffect consul 37 bc, 2nd consulship 26), the greatest Augustan marshal after Agrippa. By military talent and loyalty he attained wealth and honours; he was thrice acclaimed (see acclamation) imperator by the legions and held several priesthoods. His earliest recorded service was as admiral in the Sicilian campaign of 36. He then crossed to Africa and secured it, holding a triumph in 34 (the amphitheatre erected in commemoration on the Campus Martius was completed in 30). He also fought in Illyricum (34–33), commanded the land army in the campaign of Actium (31). He was made city prefect in 16 when Augustus left for the western provinces.
Subjects: Classical Studies.