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Flemish family of painters.

(1) Hendrick van Steenwijk I (b Steenwijk, Overijssel, northern Netherlands, ?c. 1550; bur Frankfurt am Main, 1 June 1603). According to van Mander, he was a pupil of Hans Vredeman de Vries in Antwerp. In 1570 he followed his master to Aachen, where he stayed for several years, in 1573 marrying Helena, the daughter of Marten van Valckenborch, who had also left Antwerp for Aachen. Van Steenwijk's earliest known painting is an Interior of Aachen Cathedral (1573; version, Schleissheim, Neues Schloss). In 1576 he also painted a view of Aachen (untraced), which was reproduced in print in later editions of the Civitates orbis terrarum of Georg Braun and Franz Hogenberg (Cologne, 1572–1618). Van Steenwijk returned to Antwerp and was enrolled in the Guild of St Luke in 1577. A small painting on copper of the Interior of a Gothic Church (1578; sold Frankfurt am Main, FAC Prestel, 10–16 Feb 1920, no. 96) is composed mostly of elements from Antwerp Cathedral. Possibly for religious reasons, he fled from Antwerp and settled in Frankfurt am Main, where he became a citizen in 1586. His continuing presence there is indicated by a painting inscribed A Frankfurt An. 1588 (Dessau, Schloss Georgium, Gemäldegal.), but he is thought to have returned for a short while to Flanders. This was probably when he painted the Interior of a Church (Brussels, Mus. Royaux B. -A.), considered by Jantzen as his masterpiece.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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