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stereotype threat


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Impairment of performance resulting from perceived likelihood of being judged according to a negative stereotype, or fear of acting in a manner likely to confirm the negative stereotype. According to the US psychologists Claude Mason Steele (born 1946) and Joshua M(ichael) Aronson (born 1961), who introduced the term in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in 1995, stereotype threat tends to occur when members of minority groups find themselves in situations in which negative group stereotypes are salient, typical examples being when African Americans are asked to indicate their ethnic group status before taking a difficult intelligence test, or when women are asked to indicate their sex before responding to a test of mathematical or mechanical ability. The impairment is believed to be caused by physiological arousal or anxiety.

Subjects: Psychology.


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