(b Graz, 30 June 1860; d Milan, 24 Dec 1945). Austrian, later Italian, soprano. She studied in Milan and made her début as Amina at Broni in 1881. In the following years she sang in many of the leading Italian houses before going to La Scala in 1890, where she appeared in several world premières, most notably those of La Wally and Falstaff, both in 1892; in the latter, she sang Nannetta to the Fenton of her husband, Edoardo Garbin. In 1892 at the Teatro Dal Verme she was the first Nedda in Pagliacci, and in 1895 at La Scala she took the leading soprano roles in two Pietro Mascagni premières, Guglielmo Ratcliff and Silvano. In 1902 she toured South America and in 1905 was a member of the distinguished Sonzogno company at the Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt in Paris; she also sang in St Petersburg, Berlin and Vienna. Her voice, originally that of a light lyric and coloratura soprano (with Ophelia and Gilda among her roles), developed into a more dramatic instrument, and she was admired as a leading exponent of verismo roles such as Adriana Lecouvreur and Umberto Giordano's Fedora. On retirement she became a teacher, her best-known pupil being Giannina Arangi-Lombardi.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.