(1813–95), Scottish linguist and folktale collector, resident of Sweden 1834–51, professor at the University of Copenhagen beginning in 1855. Stephens edited and published collections of Swedish folk tales and songs. Together with Gunnar Olof Hyltén-Cavallius, he founded the Swedish Society for Ancient Writings in 1843, and published Svenska folksagor och äfventyr (Swedish Folktales and Folk Stories, 1844–9). This collection, having a purely scholarly purpose, never achieved the same popularity with readers as those compiled by the Grimms or Asbjørnsen and Moe.
From The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Children's Literature Studies.