Stephen Lawrence was a black teenager who was murdered by a racist gang in the streets of south London in 1993. His killers were never brought to justice and, following a long campaign by his parents Doreen and Neville Lawrence, a Committee of Inquiry led by Sir William McPherson was established in 1997 to examine the police investigation into the killing. This became known as the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry and proved to be a landmark in UK public policy on race relations. The report of the inquiry concluded that the failings of the Metropolitan Police were a product of professional incompetence, poor leadership, and institutional racism. The response to the inquiry within the police force was to develop a stronger policy for managing diversity, including an increased effort to recruit black and minority ethnic workers. In the field of public policy, the inquiry led to the Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2002, and the creation of a race equality duty for public authorities that required them to promote race equality in undertaking their functions and eliminate race discrimination and harassment. [See general equality duty, race, and racism.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.