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A small silent keyboard machine with 22 keys for recording shorthand, invented in 1906 by a US court reporter Ward Stone Ireland (1883–1956) and still used for making court records. The fingers of the left hand type consonants appearing before vowels, and these are printed on the left of the paper, the fingers of the right hand consonants after vowels, and these appear on the right, and the thumbs of both hands type all the vowels, which are printed in the middle. An experienced stenographer can operate comfortably at a normal conversational speed of about 150 words per minute. See also stenography. [Trademark, from Greek stenos narrow + typos type]

Subjects: Psychology.

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