steroid hormone

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Any hormone such as a glucocorticoid, aldosterone, or a sex hormone (androgen or oestrogen) that is synthesized from cholesterol and is a steroid. The hormones of the adrenal cortex, testes, and ovaries are steroid hormones, whereas those of all other endocrine glands and of the hypothalamus are peptide hormones. Synthetic analogues include dexamethasone, nandrolone, prednisone, prednisolone, tetrahydrogestrinone, and a synthetic form of cortisone. See aldosterone, corticosterone, cortisol, oestradiol, progesterone, testosterone. See also corticosteroid DHEA. Compare anabolic steroid.

Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

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