Late-C19 style of domestic architecture in the USA, partially evolved from Carpenter's Gothic. While many examples were timber-framed, the name of the style was also given to buildings in which thin struts or ‘sticks’ were fixed (sometimes over clap-boarding) to suggest a timber-framed structure. The elements were often very hard, jagged, and angular, and overhanging eaves and wide verandahs were frequently employed. It was more influenced by French and Swiss than by English timber buildings. Hunt's Griswold House, Newport, RI (1861–3), is a good example.
Handlin (1985);V. J. Scully (1971, 1974, 1989)