Joseph Stöckel


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(b Germany, 1743; d Paris, 23 May 1802). German furniture-maker, active in France. He is known to have been in Paris in 1769. He became a Master in 1775, and among his clients were a number of merchants and the Count of Provence, later Louis XVIII. His pieces were all in Louis XVI style, with characteristic clear lines defining a strong, rather heavy, somewhat cold form. He used high-quality bronze for such decorative motifs as masks, lions’ claws and vases of flowers and worked with the ornamental designer Richard de Lalonde. Some of his furniture was of rosewood veneer, for example the demi-lune commode (c. 1780; London, V&A), which displays rare marquetry work of three oval medallions outlined in bronze. More common were large rectangles of mahogany veneer that set off bronze ornamental circles or arcs. There are bronze arcs on three commodes at the château of Fontainebleau bearing the stamp of Guillaume Beneman who, it is now thought, acquired four commodes by Stöckel which he transformed and copied to make a set of eight. The fact that Stöckel remains little known and without reputation is in part due to the long period of uncertainty surrounding the Beneman commodes.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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