(b Graz, 1880; d Berlin, 1975). Austrian composer, pianist, and conductor. Son of mus. teacher and pianist, and great-nephew of Teresa Stolz. Toured Europe as pianist, playing Mozart at age 7. First comp. pubd. in Berlin, 1891. Répétiteur at Graz 1897, 1st cond. Salzburg 1902–3, and Ger. Th., Brno, 1903–5. Succeeded Bodanzky as chief cond., Theater an der Wien, Vienna, 1905–17. Cond. f.p. of Straus's Der tapfere Soldat (1908). Lived in Paris 1938–40 and in USA 1940–6, returning to Austria 1946–50. Wrote music for ice revues 1952–71. While in USA, composed scores for Hollywood films, winning 2 ‘Oscars’. The most successful of his many operettas were Der Tanz ins Glück (Waltz into Happiness) 1921 and Wo die kleinen Veilchen blühen (Wild Violets) 1932; wrote extra mus. for Im Weissen Rössl (White Horse Inn). Active as cond. in his 90s. Wrote over 60 operettas, over 100 film scores, and nearly 2,000 songs (incl. Im Prater blüh'n wieder die Bäume).
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.