(1602–63), English nonconformist, emigrated to America (1633) with Thomas Hooker, where he selected the site of Hartford, Conn., and removed there from Cambridge with members of his congregation (1636). He was a leader of the New England synods, and after Hooker's death (1647) became sole minister of the Hartford Church. During the latter part of his life, he entered into a violent controversy on matters of church polity, seemingly occasioned by personal friction with the ruling elder. His view, verging on Presbyterianism, was called by Cotton Mather “a speaking Aristocracy in the Face of a silent Democracy.” His only book was A Congregational Church Is a Catholike Visible Church (1652).
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.