(b Vienna, 1827; d Vienna, 1870).
Austrian composer, 2nd son of Johann Strauss I. Became architect, but studied mus. secretly and cond. in place of his brother Johann in 1853. Formed own orch. and comp. waltzes, etc., for it, writing 283 pieces. Polkas more often played today than his waltzes, but the latter incl. Dynamiden, Op.173 (1865), borrowed by R. strauss for one of waltz‐themes in opera Der Rosenkavalier, and Dorfschwalben aus Österreich (Village Swallows), Op.164.