A term coined by the social reformers, Beatrice and Sidney Webb. It refers to the refusal of individual members of early craft trade unions to accept work below the union-recommended rate of pay, as opposed to a collective withdrawal of labour. If individuals refusing work in this manner were unable to find alternative employment, then the union would provide them with unemployment benefit. The strike in detail, therefore, was a technique designed to enforce union regulation of craft labour markets by denying a supply of labour to low-paying employers.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.