b. John Graham Mellor, 21 August 1952, Ankara, Turkey, d. 22 December 2002, Broomfield, Somerset, England. Strummer, one of the key figures on the UK punk scene in the mid-70s, was born the son of a British diplomat stationed in Turkey. After a period spent busking in London, Strummer joined pub rock outfit the 101ers in 1974. He stayed with this band for two years before, inspired by a Sex Pistols show, he left to form the Clash with Mick Jones and Paul Simonon. One of the original UK punk bands, the Clash soon progressed beyond the genre’s limited range, embracing rock and reggae and enjoying a series of transatlantic hit singles in the late 70s and early 80s.
From Encyclopedia of Popular Music in Oxford Reference.