Henry Benedict

(1725—1807) cardinal and Jacobite claimant to the English, Scottish, and Irish thrones

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B. 6 Mar. 1725, s. of James Stuart (‘the Old Pretender’) and Clementina, da. of James Sobiewski; d. 13 July 1807; bur. St Peter's, Rome.

The younger brother of ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’, Cardinal York was regarded by Jacobites as the rightful Henry IX, succeeding his brother on 31 January 1788. His creation as cardinal in 1747 did little to help the Jacobite cause in England. During the French Revolution he fell on hard times and was given a pension by George III. He left the English crown jewels, taken away by James II, to the prince regent who, in return, paid for a handsome monument by Canova in St Peter's.

Subjects: British History.

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