A type of pottery produced by traditional methods, usually on a limited scale. The name is usually given to pottery of the late 19th and 20th centuries, created by potters who reacted against industrialization and returned to early hand-crafted techniques. The earliest studio potters are generally thought to be the Martin brothers (see Martinware). In the 20th century, the leading figure was Bernard Leach (1887–1979), who trained in Japan, and set up a studio in St Ives, Cornwall in 1920. As well as a prolific craftsman, he was also an inspired teacher. He trained Michael Cardew, who went on to open his own pottery in Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, in 1926. Cardew was inspired by early English pottery, such as slipware.
http://www.stokemuseums.org.uk/collections/browse_collections/ceramics/studio_pottery_intro Description and illustrations on Stoke-on-Trent Museums website.