German architect. Educated at the Bauakademie (School of Architecture) Berlin, he was one of the most gifted of Schinkel's students, and continued designing in a manner reminiscent of the mas-ter's style. He supervised the remodelling of Prince Karl's Palace, Berlin (1827), and his first independent work was the inventive polychrome Stock Exchange (Börse), Frankfurt-am-Main (1839–44—demolished). In 1841 he made a design to transform the island in the River Spree behind Schinkel's Lustgarten (now Altes (Old) ) Museum as a Cultural Centre with Museums, and the Neuesmuseum (New Museum) was completed to his designs (1843–50) in a Neo-Classical style harmonizing with Schinkel's great building. With Strack he designed the Nationalgalerie near by (1865–76), a Graeco-Roman temple on a high podium. He designed, with Albert Dietrich Schadow (1797–1869—Hofbaumeister (Court Architect) in Potsdam), the Russian-style Church of Sts Peter and Paul, Nikolskoë, Pfaueninsel (Peacock Island), Berlin (1833–7), several Rundbogenstil Berlin churches (these, and his writings on ecclesiastical architecture, were influential), the Quattrocento Revival National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden (1850–66), the Officers' Barracks, Charlottenburg, Berlin (1851–9—opposite the Charlottenburg Palace—now the Egyptian Museum), and many other buildings. He was responsible for the interiors of the lavish Renaissance Revival Schloss at Schwerin, erected to plans by Demmler (1851–7), and for several charming villas in and around Berlin and Potsdam from 1845.
Börsch-Supan (1977);Börsch-Supan (ed.) (1997);Dehio (1961);Evers (ed.) (1995);Königlich-Preussischen Ober-Baudeputation (ed.) (1852);KiDR, vii (1943), 74–89;Placzek (ed.) (1982);K. Philipp (2003);Plagemann (1967);Stüler (1853–66, 1861);Stüler et al. (1869);W&M (1987);Zeitschrift für Bauwesen, xv (1865), 507–12