Name of a magazine and an art gallery in Berlin, both of which were founded and owned by Herwarth Walden (1878–?1941), a writer and composer whose aim was to promote avant-garde art in Germany. The magazine ran from 1910 to 1932 and the gallery from 1912 to 1932. They became the focus of modern art in Berlin, introducing the work of the Cubists and Futurists to Germany, for example, and publicizing the Expressionism of the Blaue Reiter group. Walden left Germany in 1932 because of the economic depression and the rise of Nazism and moved to the Soviet Union, where he is said to have died as a political prisoner in 1941.
Subjects: Art — Literature.