An Indian scholar-monk. Born into a royal family of Orissa, he inherited the throne at age 13 but renounced it when his brothers began a violent struggle over the succession. Later, after becoming a monk at Nālandā.he travelled to China at the behest of his master Dharmagupta and arrived in 716. He was particularly instrumental in popularizing early forms of tantric Buddhism in China.through his translation, in collaboration with Yi-hsing, of the Mahā-vairocana-abhisaṃbodhi Tantra and other key works such as the Susiddhikāra Tantra and the Subāhu-paripṛcchā. He is also counted as one of the patriarchs of Japanese Shingon Buddhism.