A colourless fuming liquid, SOCl2; m.p. –105°C; b.p. 78.8°C. It hydrolyses rapidly in water but is soluble in benzene. It may be prepared by the direct action of sulphur on chlorine monoxide or, more commonly, by the reaction of phosphorus(V) chloride with sulphur dioxide. It is used as a chlorinating agent in synthetic organic chemistry (replacing –OH groups with Cl).