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Sir Arthur Sullivan

(1842—1900) composer and conductor


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(1842–1900),

English composer. His Thespis (1871), the libretto of which was by W. S. Gilbert, was the beginning of a collaboration which produced the famous Gilbert and Sullivan Operas. His other works, with important literary connections, included the music for Burnand's Cox and Box (1866); the incidental music for The Tempest, written when he was nineteen, and for other Shakespeare plays (The Merchant of Venice, 1871; Henry VIII, 1877; and Macbeth, 1888); Five Shakespeare Songs (1866, which includes the famous setting of ‘Orpheus with his lute’); and The Window, or the Songs of the Wrens (1871), a song cycle in collaboration with Tennyson. His only attempt at serious opera was Ivanhoe (after Sir W. Scott, 1891).


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