Shii resistance group established in 1982 against the Iraqi regime. SCIRI, whose Arabic name is al-Majlis al-Ala li-Thawra al-Islamiyya fi'l-Iraq, is centered in southern Iraq, where the majority of the Shii population of Iraq lives. Headed by Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim and supported by Iran, SCIRI continues to lead a resistance movement with the aim of toppling Saddam Hussein's military rule. Part of the armed revolt orchestrated by the United States against Saddam after the Desert Storm operation. Saddam's forces crushed the Shii uprising, killing and executing large number of SCIRI soldiers, members, and scholars.