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A group of French painters, active from 1967 to 1972, who in reaction against Conceptual art and other avant-garde forms of expression, placed emphasis on the practice and materials of painting. They held several exhibitions (the first to use the group name was at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in 1970), and in 1971 they founded a journal, Peinture, cahiers théoriques, as their mouthpiece. While their theorizing was highly elaborate, involving notions of class struggle as well as technical matters, their paintings tend towards bland abstraction. The leading figures in the group included Daniel Dezeuze (1942– ), Patrick Saytour (1935– ), and Claude Viallat (1936– ).

Subjects: Art.

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