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A non-nutritive sugar substitute. Sweeteners can be beneficial in the control of dental caries and obesity. Intense sweeteners can be up to 3000 times sweeter than sucrose; they include saccharin, acesulfame K, aspartame, and thaumatin. Bulk sweeteners are modified sugars or alcohol derivatives of sugars (polyols) such as sorbitol, isomalt, mannitol, xylitol, and hydrogenated glucose syrups. Sorbitol and mannitol are commercially used in sugar-free confectionery and chewing gum.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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