synaptic delay

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The time (typically 0.3–0.5 ms) required for a neurotransmitter to be released from a presynaptic membrane, diffuse across the synaptic cleft, and bind to a receptor site on the post-synaptic membrane. Synaptic delay is a rate-limiting factor in the transmission of a nerve impulse from one neurone to the next or to an effector cell, and is a component of reaction time.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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