A form of physical performance in water seen as a form of stunt swimming, popular in the USA in the 1930s, but developing competitive formats in the 1950s, after national championships were staged in the USA. It was recognized as an international sport in 1952, by the international swimming federation, and featured (with a solo event and a duet event) for the first time in the Summer Olympics at Los Angeles 1984. These were both won by the USA, and both were dropped after the 1992 Games, replaced by a team event in 1996 and a reinstated duet event in 2000. A US team won Olympic gold at Atlanta in 1996 but since then all Olympic gold medals have been won by Russian swimmers. The sport provides an interesting case of the exclusion of males from a particular sporting practice.
Subjects: Sport and Leisure.