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Edward Synge

(c. 1690—1762) Church of Ireland bishop of Elphin


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Edward Synge (1659—1741) Church of Ireland archbishop of Tuam

Robert Molesworth (1656—1725) politician and political writer

Francis Hutcheson (1694—1746) moral philosopher

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Edward Synge died in Dublin on 27 January 1762. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Coming from a family of bishops, he was consecrated Bishop of Clonfert in 1730 by his father Edward Synge, Archbishop of Tuam, with whom he is sometimes confused. From Clonfert, Synge moved to the bishoprics of Cloyne (1731), Ferns (1733) and Elphin (1740), where he remained until his death. As a young man Synge seems to have been a member of the so-called Molesworth Circle. He was certainly close to its most distinguished member, Francis Hutcheson, who acknowledged that the general scheme of his own Inquiry into Beauty and Virtue (1725) had been anticipated by Synge, who also assisted Hutcheson in developing and revising his work. The cordial relationship between the two men seems to have been maintained until Hutcheson's death, since his son dedicated Hutcheson's posthumous System of Moral Philosophy (1755) to Synge. This is of some interest, because Synge was also on cordial terms with Berkeley. Whether Berkeley and Hutcheson, the two outstanding figures of Irish philosophy, became acquainted through Synge is not clear. All three men were living in Dublin in the early 1720s.

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From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.


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