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(synoikismos), in the Greek world, the combination of several smaller communities to form a single larger community. Sometimes the union was purely political and did not affect the pattern of settlement or the physical existence of the separate communities: this is what the Athenians supposed to have happened when they attributed a synoecism to Theseus, commemorated by a festival in classical times (the Synoecia). On other occasions it involved the migration of citizens to the new city, as in the case of Rhodes c.408/7 bc.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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