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synthetic phonics


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The approach to the teaching of reading in Key Stage 1 which is encouraged by policy‐makers, advisers, and teachers. Synthetic phonic work is defined by the following key features: letter/sound correspondences taught in clearly defined, incremental sequence (alphabetic principle); blending or synthesizing sounds in order, all through a word, in order to ‘sound it out’—in other words, to read it; applying the skills of segmenting words into their constituent sounds in order to be able to spell words.By listening to the sounds (or phonemes) which letters create, separately and when blended (or synthesized), the child is able to sound out not only immediately recognizable or familiar words, but also those which they may never have previously encountered. In this way, it is recognized that a listening child can be taught to become a reading child.

letter/sound correspondences taught in clearly defined, incremental sequence (alphabetic principle);

blending or synthesizing sounds in order, all through a word, in order to ‘sound it out’—in other words, to read it;

applying the skills of segmenting words into their constituent sounds in order to be able to spell words.

Subjects: Education.


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