Salvatore Taglioni


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(b Palermo, 1789; d Naples 1868)

Italian dancer, teacher, and choreographer. Brother of Filippo T., father of Luisa T. (1823–93), a ballerina at the Paris Opera, and Fernando T. (1810–74?), a composer. He studied in Paris with Coulon and from about 1806 danced in Lyons and Bordeaux. He then returned to Italy where with Louis Henry he established a ballet school in Naples in 1812, attached to the opera house of Teatro San Carlo. He was ballet master in Naples and had a flourishing company based at the opera house, but he also worked as a choreographer in Milan, Turin, and Florence, often casting himself and his wife, Adélaide Perraud, in his ballets. He is credited with choreographing more than 200 ballets, among them Romanow (1832), which used horses on stage, I promessi sposi (1836), and Faust (1838). Most were based on historical or literary subjects.

Subjects: Dance.

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