A peace settlement concluded in the Saudi Arabian port of Taif, when sixty‐two of the seventy‐three surviving members of the 1972 parliament met to negotiate a new Lebanese Constitution to end thirteen years of civil war. Under heavy pressure from Lebanon's effective guardian, Syria, the meeting was called after Amin Jumayyil ended his term of office as Lebanese President without a successor. Parliament would in future be composed of 50 Christians and 50 Muslims (previously 55:45). While the President would continue to be chosen from the Maronite community, the Prime Minister would be a Sunni Muslim, while the Speaker of parliament would be a Shi'ite Muslim. It had many critics among the Muslims, as Christians were still highly over‐represented, since their proportion of the total population had declined from just over 50 per cent in the 1940s to 35 per cent in the late 1980s.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).