Abp. of Canterbury from 1868. At Oxford in 1841 he was one of the four tutors who protested against Tract 90 (see Tractarianism), and as Bp. of London (1856–68) he withdrew the licence of Alfred Poole, curate of St Barnabas, Pimlico, for hearing confessions. He publicly deprecated Essays and Reviews (1860), but in 1864 he sided with the majority on the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in favour of two of the essayists. As Archbishop he used his gifts of statesmanship to secure the best possible terms for the disestablished Church of Ireland. The Public Worship Regulation Act 1874 was mainly his creation.