Yemeni Society for Reform. Often called Islah. Founded in 1990 as the product of an alliance between Muslim Brotherhood ideologues and the Hashid tribal confederation. Became the second most important political party in opposition to the ruling People's General Congress. In the first post-reunification Yemeni multiparty elections in 1993 the Islah Party gained 62 out of 301 parliamentary seats; its leader, Shaykh Abdallah Ben Hussein al-Ahmar, was elected speaker of the parliament, and the party contributed nine ministers to a coalition government. After a more modest showing in the 1997 parliamentary elections (fifty-four seats), the party withdrew from the government but supported President Ali Abdullah Saleh in the first universal suffrage presidential elections in September 1999.