(1751–1813) Revolutionary War naval officer. Talbot moved from his native Massachusetts and worked as a stonemason in Rhode Island. When the Revolutionary War broke out, he was in the Rhode Island militia; he participated in the battles around Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. Although he was an army officer, Talbot commanded the warship Hawke, in which he captured a British schooner in Narragansett Bay; this feat earned him promotion to lieutenant colonel. Talbot was given command of several successive vessels, with which he captured twelve British privateers. Talbot received a navy commission and ended up, in 1780, in command of an American privateer, but the ship was captured by the British on its first cruise. Talbot was held as a prisoner and exchanged in 1781. In the postwar years, he moved to New York and served in both the New York State Assembly and the U.S. House of Representatives, where he was a supporter of a strong federal government. He returned to the navy in 1798 during the Quasi-War with France and captured several French privateers.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.