(b. 22 June 1864, d. 29 Sept. 1929).
Prime Minister of Japan 1927–9 A career soldier whose reputation within the military was established on the basis of his knowledge of Russia and the Russian military. A participant in the Russo‐Japanese War of 1904–5, Tanaka promoted reforms in army training and was a key figure in the foundation of the Military Reservists Association. In 1925, he became the president of the Seiyûkai and was invited to form a government in 1927, in a bid to bring order to a banking crisis and remedy a weak China policy. The Tanaka Cabinet was responsible for large‐scale crackdowns on left‐wing groups. He was forced to step down over the failure of his China policy, especially after Emperor Hirohito made known his displeasure at the government's inability to rein in the Guandong Army.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).