(b. 22 Sept. 1876, d. 15 Sept. 1945).
Prime Minister of France 1929–30, 1932 A Radical member of the Chamber of Deputies 1914–24 and from 1926, he was a close ally of Clemenceau, whose tough policies during World War I and at the Versailles Treaty he actively supported. Minister for Public Works 1926–8 and Minister of the Interior 1928–30, he held several other ministries until 1934. Though a virulent anti‐Communist, he also alienated many Radicals through his policies of ‘national retooling’, which encompassed proposals for social reform and the modernization of industry and agriculture. He lacked the necessary parliamentary support to implement most of his proposals. He left the Radicals in 1932 to co‐found the Centre Républicain, which he represented in the Chamber until 1936.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).