(b. 21 June 1913, d. 4 May 2005).
Filipino resistance leader The son of sharecropping peasants in Luzon, he was educated at Manila University and in the 1930s took up the cause of landless peasants, who were particularly affected by the Great Depression. In 1935 he joined the Socialist Party and the Philippines Anti‐Fascist Front. In 1942 he formed the Hukbalahap on Luzon, and became its commander‐in‐chief. By 1945 his forces had almost total control of the rural areas of the island, and welcomed the return of the US liberation forces against the Japanese. In 1946, he was elected to the House of Representatives. When denied his seat, he returned to his guerrilla activities at the head of a People's Liberation Army. He finally surrendered in 1954, and was imprisoned until 1968.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).