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Tashkent Agreement


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Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904—1966) prime minister of India

Muhammad Ayub Khan (1907—1974) president of Pakistan

Indo-Pakistan War

Kashmir

 

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(4– 10 Jan. 1966)

An agreement signed in the Soviet city of Tashkent by the Indian Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri, and the President of Pakistan, Ayub Khan, to end the second Indo‐Pakistan War over Kashmir. Both countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from each other's territory and repatriate their prisoners of war, but also to start normalizing their diplomatic relationship. Unfortunately, the proposed beginning of friendly Indo‐Pakistan relations was made more difficult by the death of Shastri only hours after signing the agreement. The agreement did little to mollify the deep hostility between the two countries since their independence in 1947, and was unable to prevent the outbreak of renewed hostilities in 1970.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).


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