A title or epithet of the Buddha. The term can mean either ‘one who has thus come’ or ‘one who has thus gone’. The Buddha used the term to refer to himself after he had attained enlightenment (bodhi), and it became one of the stock epithets of a Buddha. Other honorific titles include Bhagavan (lord), Jina (conqueror), Arhat (worthy one), and Samyak-saṃbuddha (perfectly enlightened Buddha). The historical Buddha Siddhartha Gautama was also known as Śākyamuni or ‘the sage of the Śākyas’, and is commonly referred to this way in the Mahāyāna tradition.