English architect. He worked for S. P. Cockerell and then for Henry Holland who helped him to visit Italy in 1794. There, he met many aristocrats and gentry on the Grand Tour, including Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle (1748–1825), who became one of his main patrons. He made a study of Antique remains and ornament, later published as Etchings of Ancient Ornamental Architecture, etc. (1799–1800) and Etchings Representing Fragments of Grecian and Roman Ornaments (1806) which enjoyed considerable success and were used internationally as source-books for Neo-Classical design, notably by Hope, Percier, and Fontaine. His sculpture-gallery at Castle Howard, Yorks. (1800–2), was an early exercise in his severe Neo-Classicism, but his masterpiece is the primitive Graeco-Egyptian mausoleum at Trentham, Staffs. (1807–8), one of the most formidable Neo-Classical essays in England. He also designed a mausoleum at Ochtertyre, Perthshire (1809—Gothic).
Colvin (1995);Country Life, cli/3905 (13 & 20 Apr. 1972), 918–21, and cli/3912(8 Jun. 1972), 1481–6;J. Curl (2005);Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);W. Papworth (1892)
Subjects: Architecture — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.